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Landlord-Tenant Law in Ontario Overview

Landlord-Tenant Law in Ontario Overview

The Residential Tenancies Act (RTA) is a Tenancy law in Ontario and it defines landlords and tenants are and sets rules around their rights and responsibilities, tenancy agreements, repairs and maintenance, eviction and tenancy termination, rent and utility costs, care homes, mobile home parks and land lease communities.

Landlord-Tenant Law in Ontario Overview
what a tenancy lawyer paralegal can advise about it?

The Residential Tenancies Act (RTA) is a law that defines who landlords and tenants are and sets rules around their rights and responsibilities, tenancy agreements, repairs and maintenance, eviction and tenancy termination, rent and utility costs

Rent Increase Limits

Rent Increase Limits

When it comes to rent increases, the amount and frequency must conform to rent increase guidelines. These guidelines apply to most tenants living in rented homes, condos, and apartments.

  • Exceptions do exist, however. In some instances, you can apply to the Landlord and Tenant Board for approval to raise the rent. Also, buildings built after November 15th, 2018 are exempt from these guidelines.
  • Generally speaking, though, landlords can carry out a rent increase once per year, and a landlord must give their tenants ninety days’ notice in writing.
  • and maximum of rent increase would be %2.5
Ontario Lease or Rental Agreements

Landlords, according to the Ontario Tenant Act, must use the standard lease template. It must be written in language that is easy to understand and include important information such as:

  • The amount of rent and when it is due.
  • A section on what the rent includes. For example, parking, heating, or air conditioning.
  • Important rules, for example: whether subletting, smoking in or altering the rental unit is allowed or not.
  • The rights and responsibilities of each party to the lease.
  • When and for what reason the landlord can seek to enter the tenant’s premises.
  • The amount of the rent deposit and the time within which the tenant must move in. 

The standard lease, however, doesn’t apply to certain homes: for instance, sites in land lease communities and mobile home parks, care homes, co-operative housing, and most social and supportive housing.

 
Eviction Rules

During an eviction, the landlord must follow the right process. For example, serving the tenant a written notice of termination as specified by the Landlord and Tenant Board. The form must state the reason for the eviction, such as non payment of rent.

And even so, the landlord must first get an order to terminate the lease from the Board.

If the landlord wants to use the rental unit for themselves, then they must give the tenant payment that is equal to one month’s rent. The landlord may also choose to offer an alternative unit.

Rent Withholding

Tenants aren’t permitted to withhold paying rent when repairs or renovations are needed. Rather, any reparation disputes with their landlords must be taken up with the Board.

Rent Withholding

according to landlord-Tenant law; Tenants aren’t permitted to withhold paying tenancy rent when repairs or renovations are needed. Rather, any reparation disputes with their landlords must be taken up with the Board. and taking an advise from tenancy lawyer or paralegal before that could help you win the case and save your money and time!

Jurisdiction of Small Claims (LTB Claims)

LTB has jurisdiction over all tenancy issues; however, as soon as tenancy terminates for some matters, you must go to other boards or tribunals, such as the small claim court. for example, when the tenant was vacant, abandoned the promisee, or after termination, the tenant owes you money yet. 

In small claims court, you can sue for money or the return of personal property valued at $35,000 or less, not including interest and costs.

Small claims court handle disputes involving the recovery or payment or money and personal property under $35,000. at RioLaw® lawyers and paralegals work with clients in the Greater Toronto Area, especially Richmond Hill, Vaughan, Markham, North York, Aurora, and Newmarket, to file and defend small claims actions related to property damage, money owed, breach of contract, and more. Just because small claims court might seem like a minor issue, it doesn’t mean that you should enter one unprepared. We will defend your interests, and we will make sure that you get a fair hearing.

To sue a person or business in small claims court, your lawsuit, called a claim, must fall into one of the two following categories:

1. Claims for money owed under an agreement, such as,

unpaid accounts for goods or services sold and delivered
unpaid loans
unpaid rent
NSF (non-sufficient funds) cheques

2. Claims for damages, such as,

property damage
clothes damaged by a dry cleaner
personal injuries
breach of contract

If you want to sue for more than $35,000, you will have to take your case to the Superior Court of Justice

also remember that 

  • The landlord has a limitation period of 2-years from the date of the incident to file a claim in Small Claims Court.

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termination-of-tenancy

Tenant and Landlord

How a Landlord Can Go About Ending Tenancy in Ontario?

Picture this situation: You rent out your property, a tenant moves in, and you enter into a tenancy agreement, probably a fixed-term tenancy, but circumstances change, and you need your property back. You may wonder about how a landlord can end a tenancy in Ontario after a few months. What do you do?

Obviously, you don’t want to be the landlord who brushes off rules and deals badly with their tenants because this will definitely reflect badly on your business, not to mention the possibility of a conviction for breaking the law.

Can a landlord break a lease in Ontario? Absolutely yes. But before going ahead to terminate a residential tenancy, make sure your basis for doing it is rooted in the Residential Tenancies Act and the Rental Fairness Act.

Not sure how to go about the entire process? By the end of this article, you’ll have a better idea about how a landlord can end a tenancy in Ontario, in addition to knowing everything else in relation to ending a tenancy. We always recommend you get legal advice. This article is to provide general information.

What Reasons Do I Need to End a Tenancy Lease in Ontario?

The Residential Tenancies Act allows you to discontinue the tenancy early if your tenant, their guest, or anyone else who inhabits the rental unit does something they are not supposed to do or fails to do something expected of them.

‘For cause’ is the alternative term used to describe ending a tenancy this way. Common examples include when the tenant:

  • Fails to pay their rent in full or is always late in paying it
  • Causes damage to the rental property
  • Disturbs you or other tenants
  • Engages in illegal activity in the rental property or within the residential complex
  • Allows too many people to reside in the rental unit

The act also specifies additional reasons for terminating a tenancy that has nothing to do with what the tenant did or didn’t do. More often, they are called ‘no-fault’ reasons. Examples include:

  • When you plan to carry out major renovations or repairs that require a building permit. Usually, you won’t proceed with such work unless the rental property is empty.
  • When you, the landlord, want back the rental unit for your own use or for use by your immediate family member (i.e. spouse, child, parent, spouse’s child, or parent).
    On September 1, 2017, the Ontario Landlord and Tenant Board introduced new rules for landlords who would like to end a tenancy so they or their immediate family members can use the property, and the act includes the consequences for acting in bad faith.
  • When there’s an agreement to sell the property, and the buyer wants all or part of the property because they or an immediate member of their family wishes to use the property. Please check with the LTB as there may be some limitations.

How a Landlord Can End a Tenancy In Ontario

As you are about to learn, ending a tenancy lease can take place in various forms depending on the different situations that may arise during the process.

A residential tenancy in Ontario renews automatically unless the tenant or landlord sends a notice to terminate the agreement. They must sign a new agreement if they both agree to end the tenancy.

To end the rental period, your landlord must give you the notice 60 days before the expiration date using the Landlord and Tenant Board form. On the other hand, you also have the same responsibility (to hand over the notice 60 days before leaving the property). If both parties are not residing in a fixed-term agreement, the landlord must provide notice within 28 days and may not have a reason to evict the tenant.

Can You Agree With a Tenant to End Tenancy?

Yes. As a landlord, you can reach an agreement with your tenant to terminate the tenancy anytime, even within the time set in the lease.

Some landlords may choose to do this orally, but it’s best if you have a written agreement signed by both you and the tenant for the sake of any confusion that may arise later. You can use Form N11, which the board specifically made for this purpose.

When both of you agree the tenancy should come to an end and you’re all signed the form to end it, the tenant will then be required to move out of the rental unit by the date specified on the form.

Please note you can’t compel the tenant to sign the agreement to end the tenancy or, at the beginning of their tenancy, require them to sign an agreement to terminate the tenancy at a later date unless it’s a care home or student housing.

What if the Tenant Changes Their Mind?

Imagine a situation where a tenant changes their mind later after you reached an agreement. For example, they propose a new agreement that allows the tenancy to continue. What can you do about that?

Well, if you are comfortable with the new agreement, you can go right ahead and sign it. But in the event you don’t agree with it, meaning you still stand with the previous agreement, you can make an application to the Board requiring them to give you an order to evict the tenant.

However, note that they can make an application to the Board to stop the eviction if they feel they are being treated unfairly.

What is a month-to-month tenancy in Ontario?

A month-to-month tenancy starts automatically when the lease for a residential property expires and no new lease has been signed. A tenant with a month-to-month tenancy must give 30 days’ notice before moving out of the property.

When Do I Issue a Landlord Notice to End Tenancy In Ontario?

If you plan to discontinue the tenancy due to any of the reasons mentioned in the act, the first thing you are expected to do is issue a landlord notice to terminate the tenancy. Make sure you’ve given it to the tenant before the termination date because the act requires you to do so.

And since each reason requires its own special notice, ensure you’ve used the right form. Fill it out correctly and completely because the notice can easily be rendered void if all the required information is not present.

What is Done When a Landlord is Breaking a Lease in Ontario?

As a landlord, you will hopefully never be in a situation where your actions break your lease agreement and cause the tenant to become frustrated with the rental situation. This can happen, however, whether intentionally or not, so it is good to be informed about what would happen in this scenario.

Just as landlords are able to involve the Landlord Tenant Board to get help with tenant problems, tenants can do the same when their landlords break the rules. In this case, a tenant would take action with the Board to resolve the issue with you. This could mean terminating the lease agreement or simply having to pay a fee to cover the mistakes made.

Typically, a tenant cannot file this type of complaint or form with the Landlord Tenant Board until they give you written notice of their grievances, but this also depends on the cause for complaint.

To ensure you never end up in this situation, be sure you carefully follow your responsibilities as a landlord. If you find yourself in a difficult tenant disagreement, it can also be a good idea to hire a paralegal for legal advice on how to proceed with as few missteps as possible.

What if the Tenant Refuses to Leave After Receiving the Notice?

Something worth mentioning before we delve into that is if the notice you served your tenant requiring them to stop a certain behaviour or to undertake a particular action has been fully complied with, then the notice to end the tenancy is void. You can’t apply to evict them.

However, if they fail to comply by the stated deadline and they’ve refused to leave after the deadline, you have to apply to the Board for approval to terminate the tenancy.

Other reasons you need to make an application to the Board for approval to end a tenancy include if:

  • There’s an unauthorized occupant in the rental unit you want to evict
  • You have an agreement to end the tenancy and the tenant breached the terms
  • The tenant abandoned the rental property

The board will then make a decision once they’ve held a hearing, in which both of you are given a chance to explain your own side of the story.

Should the board issue an eviction order, you will require the help of a Sheriff to evict the tenant. Reading over the landlord rules in relation to evicting a tenant in Ontario covers the entire process in detail.

How Can A Landlord End A Tenancy In Ontario?

There are many reasons you might want to end a tenancy in Ontario. Perhaps a tenant has broken the terms of your lease agreement or has been late paying rent for months; on the flip side, you might want to end a lease agreement because you have decided to renovate the property as soon as possible.

In these cases, what do you do?

Here is the general process you must follow to end a tenancy in Ontario:

  1. Notice Of Termination
    First, you must send the required notice of termination to the tenant. The notice must include details about the when, why, and what is happening with the lease agreement.
  2. Wait Period
    Next, you must wait the required number of days for the tenant to either comply with the termination request or respond to you. The required time period depends on the type of notice and reason for termination of the tenancy agreement.
  3. File With The Board
    Once the allotted number of days has passed as outlined in your notice, you can file with the Landlord and Tenant Board of Ontario for an eviction hearing. The specific form you need to use will depend on the reason for eviction, and there may be an associated fee for filing.
  4. Attend The Hearing
    In cases where a hearing is necessary, you will need to prepare documentation to defend your claims for eviction. The board will determine, either with or without a hearing, what should happen in this situation.
  5. Eviction
    If the case is decided in your favour, the tenant should move out by the required date. If they do not, you can pay a fee and deliver your hearing decision to the local sheriff for assistance in evicting the tenant.

As mentioned, the specific steps that must be taken are going to depend on the type of eviction you are processing. In some cases, no notice will be required to be given to the tenant as their actions would have waived their right to notice. The case would instead immediately proceed to the Board for review.

With so many types of eviction, it can be complicated to know what is going to happen. Many landlords are fearful of eviction situations because of these complexities.

The key to successfully navigating any eviction situation is to proceed carefully, ask questions to the Board when necessary, and make sure you are following the procedures outlined by the Board exactly.

If you do this, you are unlikely to cause yourself any unnecessary delays that would make the eviction take longer than necessary.

How Much Notice Does A Landlord Have To Give A Tenant To Move Out In Ontario?

The amount of time required for a landlord to give a tenant notice is going to depend on the reason for the eviction notice and the rental period of the tenancy agreement.

If the tenant has broken the lease agreement or the basic proponents of the Residential Tenancies Act, the amount of time required on the notice of termination is usually between 10 and 20 days for all types of leases. This is the same if a tenant has not paid rent or has consistently paid rent late.

If the landlord wants to end the lease agreement in order to convert the property, do renovations, or otherwise take over primary control of the space, the notice periods are usually much longer.

For short-term leases like weekly agreements, the required time is 28 days’ notice. For a fixed period, long-term lease, the notice period necessary can range from 30 days to 120 days depending on the particulars of the situation.

To find out what type of notice is likely to be required in your situation, this guide from the LTB can help.

Can A Landlord Ask A Tenant To Move Out When A Lease Expires In Ontario?

Yes; a landlord can ask a tenant to move out when a lease expires in Ontario. However, that request must be done at the right time and handled properly in order to be considered legally valid. To understand what this means, you first have to understand what happens when a lease expires in Ontario.

When a lease is up, it is automatically converted into a month-to-month lease if the rent is typically paid monthly. A new lease agreement is not needed as the original terms still apply to both parties.

In some cases, the landlord and tenant will meet to renew the agreement as a long-term lease agreement or even sign a new lease completely. If not, the lease automatically becomes a month-to-month lease.

If a landlord wants the tenant to move out at the end of the lease period, they need to follow the same rules for giving notice to their tenant as they would for any other no-fault eviction reason. This means that if a landlord wants a tenant to leave when their lease expires, they will need to give them early notice about why and when they are expected to move out according to the laws outlined by the Residential Tenancies Act.

A landlord cannot simply expect a tenant to move out without notice at the end of the original lease unless this was previously agreed upon by both parties.

Can A Landlord Terminate A Month-To-Month Lease In Ontario?

Yes; a landlord can terminate a month-to-month lease in Ontario as long as the reason for lease termination is legal, appropriate, and processed the right way.

The applicable reasons for lease termination do not change based on the time period of the lease agreement; the only thing that may change is the amount of notice that must be given to tenants in order to terminate the tenancy.

For some cases where the lease has been broken, the notice time period does not typically change from one type of lease to another. For situations where the landlord wants to regain primary control of the property, the amount of time required to be given is likely to be lower for month-to-month leases in comparison to year-long agreements. Weekly and daily leases would require even less notice.

Landlords Ending Tenancy In Ontario: The Takeaway

When dealing with difficult tenants, ending a tenancy can easily turn out to be a complex and tiring process, but you can manage it better and easily get back your property by choosing to follow the required procedures on how a landlord can end a tenancy in Ontario, which the Board specifies clearly and in a satisfactory manner.

Now that you have a better understanding of how the termination of lease typically works, it will be more comfortable to navigate that situation if you ever end up needing to evict a tenant.

Is there a way to prevent such a situation from happening in the first place? Absolutely yes.

Besides the ‘no-fault’ reasons, the rest of the reasons why you may want to discontinue a tenancy are mostly a result of the behaviour of the tenant, a situation you can easily avoid by enlisting the help of a property management company whose role is to screen tenants and ensure they are not the type who would trigger the need for ending a tenancy.

in some cases, other laws and regulations must be applied
in fact, some document needs some compliance with the law prior to Notarization

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Rent Persistently Late

Tenant and Landlord

Rent Persistently Late

What Can I Do About a Tenant That Is Frequently Late With The Rent?

A persistently late paying tenant can cause a landlord various troubles including financial difficulties, especially for a smaller landlord that relies on rent being on time to enable the landlord to pay the landlord’s own bills.  When a tenant pays late, the tenant may make it difficult for the landlord to pay the mortgage, taxes, utilities, among other things, resulting in harm or hardship for the landlord.

 

It is notable that the first time a landlord seeks to evict for persistently late rent, the Landlord Tenant Board usually provides a last chance warning to the tenant. Of course, this is without intent to say that obtaining an Order to Evict will be impossible within a first proceeding; however, it is reasonable to anticipate that the Landlord Tenant Board, is more likely to issue a pay on time Order, unless doing so would be severely unfair and prejudicial to the landlord. Accordingly, even if the landlord is unsuccessful in obtaining an Order to Evict, by initiating a proceeding, the landlord establishes the details of payment delinquency by the tenant, on the record, with the Landlord Tenant Board. As such, a landlord should be prepared and expect that the Landlord Tenant Board is more likely to issue an Order requiring on-time payment than the likelihood of an Order to Evict.

Generally, the last chance Order, which is essentially a requirement that the tenant brings the rent arrears up to date in a reasonable period of time, and make all rent payments properly on the due date moving forward, is granted per the discretionary power held by the Landlord Tenant Board as per section 83 of the Residential Tenancies Act, 2006S.O. 2006, Chapter 17, which states, among other things:

Residential Tenancies Act, 2006,S.O. 2006

83 (1) Upon an application for an order evicting a tenant, the Board may, despite any other provision of this Act or the tenancy agreement,

(a) refuse to grant the application unless satisfied, having regard to all the circumstances, that it would be unfair to refuse; or

(b) order that the enforcement of the eviction order be postponed for a period of time.

For a case where the Landlord Tenant Board provided opportunities for the tenant to resolve a rent arrears and persistently late payment problem, and then eventually ordered termination of the tenancy and eviction, the case of RPM v. RG and VATNL-83786-16 (Re), 2016 CanLII 72041 provides a good example, especially as an example of the importance of creating a track record with the Landlord Tenant  Board.  Within the RPM case, the Landlord Tenant Board said:

RPM v. RG and VA,2016 CanLII 72041

Procedural History

1.  This application was heard together with TNL-83939-16 respecting the same tenancy.

2.  The procedural history of these matters dates back to 2015.  The Landlord applied to terminate the tenancy because the Tenants had been persistently late in paying their rent.  On February 6, 2015, the Board issued order TNL-65178-14 requiring that the Tenants pay their rent on time until January, 2016.

3.  The Tenants did not comply with the order.  In fact, they fell into arrears.  The Landlord filed an application to terminate the tenancy because of the arrears, which resulted in order TNL-74983-15 issued on December 9, 2015.  That order required that the Tenants pay their arrears of $4,915.90 and new rent that came due according to a payment plan scheduled to end on February 29, 2016.

4.  The Tenants did not comply with that order either.  The Board issued ex parte orders terminating the tenancy for the breaches of orders TNL-65178-14 and TNL-74983-15.  The Tenants moved to set aside both orders, and the motions were heard together in January, 2016.  At that time, the Tenants’ arrears had increased to $7,209.90.  The Board issued an interim order requiring that the Tenants repay those arrears on a payment plan ending on May 6, 2016.  The Tenants complied with the interim order and paid all their arrears.  On July 14, 2016 the Board issued order TNL-76406-15-SA/TNL-77842-16-SA requiring that the Tenants pay their rent on time for the next 12 months.

5.  By the time order TNL-76406-15-SA/TNL-77842-16-SA was issued, the Tenants had already fallen into arrears again.  They have not paid any rent for July, August, or September 2016.

6.  The Landlord filed application TNL-83939-16 to terminate the tenancy for the breach of order TNL-76406-15-SA/TNL-77842-16-SA, and also filed the present application to terminate the tenancy for the new arrears of rent.  Application TNL-83939-16 was resolved by an ex parte order, which the Tenants moved to set aside.

7.  The Tenant’s motion was heard together with the present application.  There was no dispute regarding either the arrears owing or the breach of the prior order.  The only issue in either case was whether it would not be unfair to grant relief from eviction, pursuant to subsection 83(2) of the Residential Tenancies Act, 2006 (the ‘Act’) in the present application, and pursuant to subsection 78(11)(b) in the set-aside motion.  As the tests for relief under the two sections are identical, I have considered the issue of relief as a single question, the reasons for which are contained in this order.

Relief from Eviction

8.  The Tenant testified that she fell back into arrears because she lost her job, and the other tenant had to stop work due to a disability.  She has now started a new job, and the other tenant expected to start receiving disability benefits.  Based on their new expected income, the Tenant testified that they can pay roughly $125 per month towards the arrears.  They can pay more in February and March because those are three-paycheque months.  I calculate that the Tenant’s proposal would lead to the arrears being paid off in roughly four and a half years.

9.  I have considered all the circumstances, and I find that it would be unfair to the Landlord to permit a payment plan of that length.  The tenancy is not sustainable given the Tenants’ income.

10.  I find that it would not be unfair to delay eviction to September 30, 2016.  It was the Tenant’s uncontested evidence that the other Tenant suffers from a disability which will make it impossible for him to help pack or look for a new apartment.  The Tenant will have to do all the work of moving two people herself, while also caring for the other tenant because of his disabilities.  It is fair to give her to the end of the month to do so.  It would be unfair to delay eviction any further since that would lead to additional arrears owing for October.

11.  There is no prospect of the Tenants paying their full arrears by September 30.  However, if they do so, this order will be void.  I find that it would, in that case, still be unfair to set aside order TNL-76406-15-SA/TNL-77842-16-SA to permit the tenancy to continue.  The Tenants have been persistently late in paying their rent for years, despite being granted relief from eviction numerous times.  It would be unfair to the Landlord to permit the tenancy to continue where the Tenants’ income is simply not high enough for them to pay their rent on time.

12.  Therefore, even if the Tenants void this order, the tenancy will still terminate pursuant to order TNL-76406-15-SA/TNL-77842-16-SA, they stay of which will be lifted on October 1, 2016.

In other circumstances, the case of Inc v. NT and MAGTEL-03678-19 (Re), 2020 CanLII 61259 was a first time proceeding for persistently late rent; however, in this situation, the landlord was already on record with the Landlord Tenant Board with three previous rent arrears proceedings which were negated by late payments prior to eviction.  Upon reviewing the first time proceeding for persistently late rent and the request from the tenants that the Landlord Tenant Board exercise the discretion under section 83, the decision of the Landlord Tenant Board was to deny the section 83 request and grant the eviction order.  The reasoning for denying the section 83 request was explained by the Landlord Tenant Board as due to the tenants failure to provide corroborating evidence to support a reasonable argument of the ability to pay rent on time going forward.  Specifically, the Landlord Tenant Board said:

Inc v. NT and MAG,2020 CanLII 61259

1.  There is no dispute here that the Tenants have persistently failed to pay the rent on the date it was due.

2.  According to the Landlord’s ledger for the period August, 2018 to April, 2019 the Tenants were late paying the rent each month but by the end of the month they were either caught up or mostly caught up. But then in May of 2019 the Tenants started to fall behind. They did not catch up and reach a zero balance until close to the end of August, 2019 at which point they paid $3,644.09. That lump sum payment brought them to a zero balance and discontinued the Landlord’s most recent L1 application (contained in Board file TEL-03671-19).

3.  The dispute between the parties here is the Tenants’ request for relief from eviction pursuant to s. 83 of the Residential Tenancies Act, 2006 (the ‘Act’). They ask for an opportunity to save the tenancy subject to the requirement rent be paid on time into the future. The Landlord opposes that request and asks for a standard eviction order.

4.  That means the issue for the Board is whether or not it would be unfair in all of the circumstances to grant the Tenants the relief sought.

5.  This tenancy began in 2014. There are an unknown number of adults and children living in the rental unit. The children attend school nearby.

6.  There have been three L1 applications for non-payment of rent, all of which have resulted in the Tenants paying everything outstanding before an eviction order could issue. TEL-75865-16 was discontinued effective February 13, 2017. TEL-78535-17 was discontinued April 19, 2017. The most recent one was discontinued August 22, 2019.

7.  This is the first application alleging persistent late payment of rent. The notice of termination was served on the Tenants August 9, 2019. As stated above, the Tenants cleared the arrears on or about August 22, 2019. As of the date of hearing nothing had been paid for the month of September, so the rent for September 2019, was also not paid on time.

8.  In response to my questions, the Tenants say that they did not realise that persistent late payment of rent could get them evicted. They have monthly income of around $5,000.00 a month which should be more than sufficient to pay rent on time and in full but the Tenants have other debts and there is an affordability issue. As of the date of hearing the monthly rent was $1,658.61. Things worsened in the spring of 2019 because the second-named Tenant above became ill and had to have surgery. They have not paid September’s rent on time because they used all of their resources to pay off the arrears in August, 2019. They want to catch up with September’s rent and pay rent on time starting October 1, 2019. None of the Tenants’ evidence was corroborated by documentation.

9.  The problem with the Tenants’ request for relief from eviction is that the only measure by which the Board can analyse their promises to pay in the future is their behaviour in the past.

10.  The Tenants do not deny having a multi-year history of paying rent late; they do not deny knowing when rent is due; they do not deny prioritizing other debts over paying rent. They claim they did not know being persistently late could result in eviction but they did in fact know that sometime in the first half of August of 2019 because the Landlord served notice of termination on them for persistent late payment. Despite considerable income they did not pay rent on time for September, 2019 and continued to be in arrears as of the date of hearing. It is something of a mystery as to where their income is going.

11.  In other words, the evidence supports the conclusion it is more likely than not that the Tenants will continue to pay rent late into the future. They have an affordability issue. As a result, granting relief in the form requested would be unfair to the Landlord as the Landlord will inevitably have to bring additional legal proceedings to the Board with respect to this tenancy.

12.  In the alternative, the Tenants ask that eviction be delayed until December 31, 2019. Given the delays in writing and issuing this order, the Tenants have essentially gained the delay they requested. No further delay is justifiable.

13.  As a result of all of the above, the Board’s standard order shall issue.

Summary Comment

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Don’t wait! Contact us now, Let us help you figure out your best next steps. The sooner you have a plan of action, the sooner we can provide you with the legal services that you need as a landlord to get the eviction done right. sooner is better, Act before your tenant , be one step Ahead of your Tenant

Please note that we only represent landlords.

  • Our experienced lawyer and licensed paralegal at RioLaw provide legal services for exclusively landlord.
  • Our knowledge and experience definitely end to the best possible outcome.
  • When we handle your files, we have the experience to ensure that the applicable notices and applications have been done right.
  • Put the stress of your bad tenant on our shoulders and relax. Watch the landlord-tenant board procedure or even the eviction process.

Tips for Landlords

How to Evict a Tenant In Ontario?

It’s unfortunate, but part of the business of being a landlord is dealing with tenant problems. From unpaid rent to messy homes, there’s a lot of situations that you will encounter that might be frustrating for you. But dealing with them efficiently will make your business more successful in the long run.

One situation that landlords may run into that they are unsure how to deal with is how to evict a bad tenant in Ontario. Whether they’ve broken the rules or are just overstaying their contract period, eviction is a tough situation to deal with.

Let’s review the right times to consider eviction, how to evict a tenant in Ontario, and other tips that you need to know.

Get a consultation from a lawyer or paralegal first

If you want to serve your tenants a notice, get a consultation from a lawyer or paralegal first. A lot of case are tossed out at the Landlord and Tenant Board because the landlord made one, tiny mistake on the notice for that they served to the tenant.

Reasons For Eviction Ontario

First, you need to be sure that your reasons for wanting to evict a tenant are legal. There are a variety of reasons that you may want to evict your tenant, but you have to be sure that the reason is in line with the Residential Tenancies Act.

Here are a few of the most common reasons that landlords go about evicting a tenant in Ontario: Non-payment of rent/Tenant owes rent

  • Not paying the rent in full.
  • Paying rent late.
  • Persistently paying the rent
    late.
  • Require the home in order to
    sell the property.
  • Require the home for personal use.
  • Require the home for an immediate family member.
  • Illegal Activities./Tenant caused damage and/or serious issues for either the landlord or for other tenants
  • Require the home in order to demolish the property/planning to tear down the building or repurpose it

This is not a comprehensive list of reasons that you as a landlord may want to evict a tenant. A landlord might also want to learn how to evict a bad tenant in Ontario if they break any of the clauses laid forth in the rental contract.

Gather up information about why you plan to evict before moving to the next step of the eviction process.

The Eviction Process: A Simple Guide

The eviction process can be quite complicated, so this guide will give you the broader, necessary details that you need to get a handle on the process. Once you know about this process generally, you will be able to move through each step with more confidence.

Some advice to new LANDLORD (LL)
Here’s Some advice to new LLs or prospective LLs:
1. The learning curve for LLs is steep. LLs should choose TTs VERY CAREFULLY, checking the authenticity of every document given thoroughly, calling references and taking the time needed to determine if the TT is a good fit.
2. Check an Ontario Driver’s License here https://www.dlc.rus.mto.gov.on.ca/dlc/…
How to interpret an Ontario Driver’s License:
• The picture should match the person in front of you of course.
• The last 6 digits of a driver’s license are the Y-YMMDD of the birthday.
• The MM of a female licence is 50 higher. So a man born on Jan. 1 is 0101 a female is 5101.
• The first letter of a driver’s licence is the same as the first letter of the last name.
• The year month and date of birth are under the photo.
• Drivers under 19 have an extra line that says when they turn 19.
3. Check TTs names, their previous addresses and LL names SEPARATELY on canlii.org- this will help a LL screen out TTs that have a prior history of LTB hearings and eviction orders – although the canlii.org database is not conclusive or up to date, it takes 5 minutes to check names, and addresses
4. One of the common problems with two family homes is that noise penetrates from one unit to the other and then the complaints start or the temperatures are hard to manage (too hot/too cold). LL should ensure he/she has met and surpassed the insulation requirements and sound barriers between the units.
5. Know that the LL absolutely cannot control how many people are going to be living in the units once the keys are handed over . TTs will have the legal right to have short or long term paying or non-paying guests for as long as they like WITHOUT LL permission.
6. Advisable to make utilities extra (do not make rent inclusive) and apportion them according to the RTA by the sq ft of the units or if the units are similar in size, divide the utilities equally 50% each.
7. Parking – if it makes sense, LL should designate a number to the parking spots so there is no disagreement on who gets what spot. i.e. Upper unit – Parking #1, Lower Unit – Parking #2
8. Any amenity a LL offers from Day 1 cannot be taken away unless the LL offers a rent abatement i.e. internet, backyard, garage, storage shed, laundry, etc.
9. Strongly recommend a LL makes a one time purchase of OSL addenda written by paralegals and lawyers that protect LLs above and beyond the standard lease.
In no particular order: Harry Fine, Paralegal
LPMA London Property Management Association
9. Recommend LL make TT liability insurance MANDATORY in the OSL and must receive a copy as proof of it BEFORE keys are handed over. If insurance is required, and the TTs do not have it or cancel it, this is a legal reason to file an application for eviction.
10. Review the Residential Tenancies Act thoroughly.
12. Tenants have security of tenure in Ontario. Once a LL hands over keys, the TT cannot be evicted except by order of the Landlord and Tenant Board (LTB) and for a legal reason. https://ontariolandlordandtenantlaw.blogspot.com/…/what…
13. Understanding the framework of where and how to resolve issues when they happen in the LL/TT relationship is important. Know that the LTB is the tribunal that all claims go through from both LLs and TTs and that the scheduling at the moment is about 6 months plus to get a hearing and then another month or more to get the actual written order from the LTB Member. So if things go bad, you need to have a minimum of the equivalent of a year’s worth of financial resources (in rental income) to avoid having to borrow money or extend financing. https://tribunalsontario.ca/ltb/help-for-landlords/
14. Rent increases for properties occupied as residential ON OR AFTER Nov 15 2018 are NOT rent controlled which means the LL can increase rent above the provincial guidelines every 12 months using the N2 and 90 days notice https://tribunalsontario.ca/…/N2%20instructions_final…
15. Rent increases for properties occupied as residential BEFORE Nov 15 208 ARE RENT CONTROLLED and can be increased using the N1 with 90 days notice once every 12 months. The annual max rent increase allowed is determined by the provincial government. https://tribunalsontario.ca/…/N1%20instructions_final…

Eviction Can Be Complex but its procedure is:

Step 1: Reason for Eviction

As mentioned above, you need to have a legal reason for evicting a tenant. Whatever that reason is, you need to have proof of it being an issue for you as a landlord. This information will need to be brought to the appropriate authorities for a legal eviction.

First, you need to be sure that your reasons for wanting to evict a tenant are legal. There are a variety of reasons that you may want to evict your tenant, but you have to be sure that the reason is in line with the Residential Tenancies Act.

Here are a few of the most common reasons that landlords go about evicting a tenant in Ontario: Non-payment of rent/Tenant owes rent

  • Not paying the rent in full.
  • Paying rent late.
  • Persistently paying the rent
    late.
  • Require the home in order to
    sell the property.
  • Require the home for personal use.
  • Require the home for an immediate family member.
  • Illegal Activities./Tenant caused damage and/or serious issues for either the landlord or for other tenants
  • Require the home in order to demolish the property/planning to tear down the building or repurpose it

This is not a comprehensive list of reasons that you as a landlord may want to evict a tenant. A landlord might also want to learn how to evict a bad tenant in Ontario if they break any of the clauses laid forth in the rental contract.

Gather up information about why you plan to evict before moving to the next step of the eviction process.

Step 2: Give Tenant Written Notice

In Ontario, you can use official forms to give your tenant written notice. In all but the most extreme cases, you must give your tenant written notice of your eviction before attempting to get them to leave the property.

These forms can be found on the LTB and sticking to the method laid out in them will help both you and your tenants have a clear understanding of what is happening when the eviction will occur, and any other details that must be communicated.

There are also set rules to the amount of notice that you must give your tenant. These dates are as follows:

  • Owe rent: 14 days
  • Causing damage/disturbing neighbors: 20 days
  • Drug-related issues: 10 days
  • The landlord wants to move in 60 days
  • The landlord wants to tear down the building: 120 days

As always, there is some exception to these dates depending on the specific property type. There are a lot of intricacies to the rules of eviction, but knowing this base information will help you set up the process appropriately.

bove, you need to have a legal reason for evicting a tenant. Whatever that reason is, you need to have proof of it being an issue for you as a landlord. This information will need to be brought to the appropriate authorities for a legal eviction.

Step 3: Move Up To The Board

If your tenant does not move out within the allotted time or correct the problematic behavior, it’s time for you to move your process to the Landlord and Tenant Board.

This board manages the oversight of many tenant and landlord relationship problems, so it is with them that you will want to file for eviction.

You will have to file an application for eviction with the Board. The application will explain the issue, what you want to be done about it, and other essential information. The Board will review this information and schedule a hearing if you seem to have enough reason for the eviction.

Step 4: The Hearing

Come to the hearing prepared with information about your eviction application. Bring evidence of the issue that you are having, how you have attempted to resolve the problem with the tenant, and the written notice that you gave them.

Your goal here is to prevent all important information so that everyone can make fair and clear decisions about whether or not an eviction should take place. The tenant should also come prepared with this information.

At the hearing, there will be a lot of back and forth so that the overseeing Board member can make a decision. If you or the tenant does not show up, it is likely the Board will rule in the other member’s favor.

Step 5: The Result

Depending on the nature of the reason for wanting to evict your tenant, the Board may provide a number of different solutions:

  • Approve request for eviction
  • Request you two make a payment plan for late rent and let them continue living there
  • Set up an order for you to receive payment back for damages
  • Work out communication problems between both parties

Depending on the result of your hearing, the whole process is nearly complete.

Step 6: Evicting

If the Board approves the eviction, you will need the Sheriff to evict your tenant and remove their belongings and let you change the lock. You cannot evict them yourself or hire a private company to do so.

Evicting a problematic tenant can be a long and complicated process, but working through each step methodically can help you regain control of your property. How to evict a tenant in Ontario is a relatively clear process thanks to the Board’s actions.

Thankfully, moving to give your tenant a notice of eviction is enough to solve problems or get rid of bad tenants.

To avoid needing to deal with the eviction process at all, taking extra time to find good clients is an essential task. Some property management companies can help you with the tenant screening process to ensure that you are getting the best tenants that are less likely to become tenants that would require an eviction situation.

ALSO YOU CAN CONTACT US FOR HELPING YOU IN LANDLORD AND TENANT MATTERS

The Residential Tenancies Act (RTA) applies to all Landlords and Tenants within Ontario. This includes all types of rental housing, ranging from high-rise apartments to family homes. We will handle your entire matter from start to finish, appearing in court on your behalf.
 
ATTENTION

ATTENTION

PLEASE NOTE THAT LAWS ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE


Tenancy Legal issues would be effect your life style

in worst scenario;

  • for TENANT; they could be evicted and lose a roof on top of their head and
  • for LANDLORD they could not collect rent and pay their mortgage and / or other cost of living

for getting best possible result in Landlord and Tenant Board Tribunal retain us

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